comprehension strategies for readers and writers
Reading comprehension is maybe one among the most important reading skills a student can master. Without comprehension strategies or at least a good understanding of the comprehension process, learners may struggle in every subject they encounter. Though a multi-faceted process, comprehension reading basically involves constructing meaning from written words.
Teaching reading skills can be hard at times, but in case you are looking for ways to help your kid improve in his or her comprehension skills, below you’ll find reading comprehension strategies used majority of elementary teachers to help improve comprehension reading. If you know the importance of literacy, you will help out your child’s learning by practicing these comprehension activities at home.
Encourage your kid to: Ask questions about the text. Give them opportunities to research the unanswered questions within the comprehension online or even at the library. This will ensure that they understand what the comprehension is all about without missing even a single part.
Make some predictions about the text based on previous knowledge and by looking at the pictures. Ensure your kid checks to confirm if his or her predictions were right. This will help your child relate the current and past situations, helping him or her to understand the text better.
Also, you can encourage your child to make connections between the text and his or her personal life. Does the comprehension remind your kid about something he or she has experienced personally or read about before?
Compare and contrast the characters in the text. Encourage your kid to think beyond the surface level observation and compare and contrast the actions and motivation of various characters within the text.
Summarize what happens in the beginning, the middle, and at the end of the story. This is a vital comprehension skill which will later allow your kid to organize his or her thoughts into paragraphs and then essays. Kids as young as preschool can exercise this by drawing images of various parts of the story.
Visualize what’s happening in the story. Find some descriptive words within the text so as to help your kid make a mental image of the text. Also, this can become a drawing activity, when your kid illustrates the scenes from the story.
Reread difficult texts to clarify the ideas. Your kid will need some help learning to do this. You can try modeling this by thinking aloud while reading a text to your kid. For instance, you can say “that part was a bit confusing. I need to go back and re-read that to help me understand”.
In conclusion, the good readers use these reading comprehension strategies without even thinking about them. However, young kids who are just beginning to read and write need to be explicitly taught how to comprehend what they read. Use the above mentioned strategies with your kid for comprehension reading practice at home. Remember, before teaching children to write, you’ll need them to know how to read first.
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